4 March, 2017
4 March, 2017



Starter date

May 2017

End date

August 2017


City Council of Porcuna. Brotherhood of Ntra. Sra. De Alharilla


Plaza de Andalucía, s/n. 23790, Porcuna (Jaén)


Pablo M. Millán Millán


Manuel López




City Council of Porcuna


Javier Serrano Terrones (Technical Architecture)
Javier Bengoa Díaz (Engineering)

In the classical world there can be no better element that represents architecture, order and proportions than a Corinthian capital. This was emphasized by J. Summerson when he said that “the Corinthian capital is the Latin of architecture”, that is, the language of classical architecture. Well, if this is true, it is no less true that a classical element does not make an architecture or a monument a monument.

We could say that the purpose of classical architecture has always been to achieve a demonstrable harmony between the parties. It was considered that such harmony characterized the buildings of antiquity and that, to a large extent, was intrinsic to the main ancient elements, especially as regards the architectural orders. However, on a more abstract level, a number of theorists also considered that the harmony of a building was achieved through proportions, that is, ensuring that the relationships between the various dimensions of a building are simple arithmetic functions, and that relationships between the different parts of the building are the same or are related to each other in a direct way.

Thus, a column will not only be a classic piece for having classic elements, but above all it will be for keeping a close relationship between all the different parts that compose it. The column of the monument to the Coronation of the Virgin of Alharilla participates in these proportions according to the concept of Renaissance classical proportions, that of maintaining a harmony of the whole. A harmony understandable by the explicit use of the Corinthian order and by the use of the dimensions that make it up. Thus, to speak of this column and capital projected to be a pedestal of the monument implies all the contemporaneity that implies to speak of precision, proportion, order and measure. This fact is that it could lead us to affirm that there is nothing more contemporary or even modern than a column and a Corinthian capital.

The choice of this monumental typology was based on three fundamental reasons:

  • A column as a commemorative architecture: Throughout history the column has been used as a commemorative architectural element. Out-of-scale columns have been pieces used to highlight important historical elements. Examples of this could be the Trajan Column in Rome or the Peace Monument in Munich to name a few. It should be noted that the column projected for the Monument to the Coronation of the Virgin of Alharilla is not an out of scale column. It maintains exactly the dimensions of one of the columns found in the archaeological excavations of San Benito. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that to date none of these columns have remained standing. There its surprise character. Looking for an element used in antiquity to underline a historical event is also important for a city like Porcuna, a heritage city that is slowly revealing and working to preserve its heritage.
  • A column as an element of triumph: There is no doubt that the composition of a column and a sculpture about it is not something new. The history of architecture has left numerous examples of this type of compositions called “triumphs”, since they fulfilled the same votive role as a triumphal arch or a triumphal tombstone. Close cases such as the Triumph of Granada, the Triumph of San Rafael in Cordoba or the set of pilasters of the Triumph of Seville evidence this monumental typology. This type of elements of Roman origin has been repeated throughout the history of architecture to commemorate important events, especially victories in decisive contests. Later, after Christianization, they will be reused as monuments of hagiographic exemplification. It should be noted that all the “triumphs” dedicated to the Immaculate, very numerous in our geography, will be erected from 1854, year of proclamation of the dogma by Pius IX. Well, Porcuna is also going to have its triumph and logically it will be dedicated to the Virgin of Alharilla and concretely to the unique event of her Pontifical Canonical Coronation of which now two years ago.
  • A column as elevation and support:  Throughout the history of the Church there have been innumerable invocations and charisms. One of them, originated from the 5th century, was that of solitary monks called estilitas (from the Greek stylos) for living precisely at the top of a column. The meaning of this way of life was clear, being lifted off the ground and separated from the world to be closer to heaven. These anchorites saw in this way of life the highest degree of perfection of religious life, since it forced them to have only one thing about them, God. It will be from this moment when you see in the column a clear representation of confidence theolóó