City Council of Porcuna. Brotherhood of Ntra. Sra. De Alharilla
Plaza de Andalucía, s/n. 23790, Porcuna (Jaén)
Pablo M. Millán Millán
City Council of Porcuna
Javier Serrano Terrones (Technical Architecture)
Javier Bengoa Díaz (Engineering)
In the classical world there can be no better element that represents architecture, order and proportions than a Corinthian capital. This was emphasized by J. Summerson when he said that “the Corinthian capital is the Latin of architecture”, that is, the language of classical architecture. Well, if this is true, it is no less true that a classical element does not make an architecture or a monument a monument.
We could say that the purpose of classical architecture has always been to achieve a demonstrable harmony between the parties. It was considered that such harmony characterized the buildings of antiquity and that, to a large extent, was intrinsic to the main ancient elements, especially as regards the architectural orders. However, on a more abstract level, a number of theorists also considered that the harmony of a building was achieved through proportions, that is, ensuring that the relationships between the various dimensions of a building are simple arithmetic functions, and that relationships between the different parts of the building are the same or are related to each other in a direct way.
Thus, a column will not only be a classic piece for having classic elements, but above all it will be for keeping a close relationship between all the different parts that compose it. The column of the monument to the Coronation of the Virgin of Alharilla participates in these proportions according to the concept of Renaissance classical proportions, that of maintaining a harmony of the whole. A harmony understandable by the explicit use of the Corinthian order and by the use of the dimensions that make it up. Thus, to speak of this column and capital projected to be a pedestal of the monument implies all the contemporaneity that implies to speak of precision, proportion, order and measure. This fact is that it could lead us to affirm that there is nothing more contemporary or even modern than a column and a Corinthian capital.
The choice of this monumental typology was based on three fundamental reasons: