Plan of affection of the earthquake of 16 August 1906 of Valparaiso.
Source: Rodríguez, Alfredo and Gajardo, Carlos. The catastrophe of 16 August 1906
in the Republic of Chile, Santiago, Imprenta Barcelona, 1906.
Few cities have had the opportunity to rethink themselves and to generate a reconstruction project that, learning from the mistakes of the previous city model, will look to the future from a contemporary perspective. Valparaíso was one of them. At the end of the nineteenth century the urban area was divided into two: on one side the noble constructions of the city of the plain (flat part) and on the other the slums of the hills and cliffs. The earthquake that struck her on August 16, 1906 gave her the opportunity to establish a new urbanism and a new city. This positive feeling of opportunity after the devastating telluric consequences will be seen in the various reconstruction projects. Being a port city has given it a cosmopolitan character, which will eventually be reflected in the different urban solutions. The fact that these urban ideas do not prosper will be one of the causes of the permanence of this urban rift today.